Amount invested in million euros
The valuation of a student housing depends on three main elements: location, services offered and rent cost. The student population has been growing steadily since the 1980s, while the supply of housing remains insufficient. Since the public authorities cover only 15% of the asset’s needs, owners use tax incentives to encourage investors to complete the stock.
In the market, supply shortages put upward pressure on value and downward pressure on rates of return. The average occupancy rate of student residences is close to 100%, making this type of asset very secure for investors.
Amount invested in million euros
Evolution of the amount invested compared to 2020
student residences & flats
Student residences are real estate assets that feature various services: reception, security, laundry, cafeteria, relaxation and sports rooms, bicycle garage, photocopiers. In response to the changing needs of the student population, recent trends include the addition of large common spaces for coworking, and feature increasingly digitalised equipment.
Student housing attracts institutional investors, block purchasers, and individuals who buy on the cutting edge. The latter hold 70% of the properties, in a market marked by shortage. The location of student accommodations (academic city, proximity to transport) is a key element to development.
Individuals are primarily attracted to this asset type because of the tax benefits they incur: the provisions of the Censi-Bouvard law, VAT recovery and a fully-furnished rental system. Institutional investors are attracted to the security of a 9-year lease with the operator, which offers the guarantee of a permanent rent. In addition, geographical location is a key consideration for investors that prefer residences located in student cities, close to universities and public transport.
The valuation of student housing varies depending on whether the property is already built or whether it is in a state of future completion. In both cases, assets are valued using income capitalisation and direct comparison methods. In the event of a built asset, valuers also take operations balance sheets into account.
The geographic location of a student housing is a particularly important valuation criterion. For example, its location in a highly academic city is likely to increase value. The proximity of higher education institutions and good public transport connections are also decisive factors.
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